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What Drove Violations

8 February 2017

ART UNDER THREAT IN 2016: WHAT DROVE VIOLATIONS The following section of the Art under Threat in 2016 report explores the issues and tendencies that drove governments and other groups to limit artistic expression. TABLE OF CONTENTS * Click on the following titles to be taken to that part of …

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Principles of Documentation

8 February 2017

PRINCIPLES OF DOCUMENTATION Freemuse annual statistics document violations of artistic freedom in the past year, from 1 January to 31 December. We focus on music, visual arts, cinema/films (fictional), theatre (including performance art), literature (fiction) and dance. The statistics cover artists who are attacked, persecuted, killed, abducted, prosecuted, imprisoned (including …

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Russia

8 February 2017

ART UNDER THREAT IN 2016: RUSSIA SERIOUS VIOLATIONS: 10 ACTS OF CENSORSHIP: 16 Religious orthodoxy and political nationalism, under the guise of morality and protectionism, continued to be the main motivations behind attacks on artistic freedom in Russia in 2016. While Russia has moved from the third country with the …

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China

8 February 2017

ART UNDER THREAT IN 2016: CHINA SERIOUS VIOLATIONS: 14 ACTS OF CENSORSHIP: 20 While China has dropped from being the country with the most serious violations on artistic freedom of expression – an unenviable position it has had for two consecutive years – to the fifth country in 2016, China …

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Nigeria

8 February 2017

ART UNDER THREAT IN 2016: NIGERIA SERIOUS VIOLATIONS: 15 ACTS OF CENSORSHIP: 3 The cases of violations of artistic freedom of expression seen in Nigeria in 2016 reflect the complex political and religious systems in the country. Violations are implemented by the government, local state authorities, religious institutions, families, artistic …

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Egypt

8 February 2017

ART UNDER THREAT IN 2016: EGYPT SERIOUS VIOLATIONS: 18 ACTS OF CENSORSHIP: 19 State censorship of the arts in the name of “protecting public morals and state interests” continues to stifle artistic freedom of expression in Egypt. Restrictions on art and literary works that address politics, sex and religion, remain …

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Turkey

8 February 2017

ART UNDER THREAT IN 2016: TURKEY SERIOUS VIOLATIONS: 23 ACTS OF CENSORSHIP: 13 2016 was a year when the situation for freedom of expression in Turkey went from bad to worse. The attempted coup against President Erdoğan on 15 July 2016 and the following State of Emergency led to a …

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Iran

8 February 2017

ART UNDER THREAT IN 2016: IRAN SERIOUS VIOLATIONS: 30 ACTS OF CENSORSHIP: 9 Iran continues to intimidate, persecute, imprison and ban artists, cultural producers and publishers, bringing it up from the second country with the most serious violations in 2015 to first in 2016. In 2016, Freemuse registered 30 serious …

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Foreword

8 February 2017

ART UNDER THREAT IN 2016: FOREWORD Populists and nationalists, who often portray human rights as a limitation on what they claim is the will of the majority, are on the rise globally. As this phenomenon rises, artists continue to play an important role in expressing alternative visions for society. But as …

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