Andy Fuller (Australia)
Andy Fuller was born in 1977 in Melbourne, Australia. He completed his Master of Arts in 2004 at University of Melbourne. His thesis studied the politically subversive literature of the Indonesian writer Seno Gumira Ajidarma. During 2005, Fuller spent six months in Jakarta where he was an Asialink writer in residence at the Lontar Foundation. During this time he engaged with writers and musicians who are dealing with social and political issues. Fuller is a PhD student at the University of Tasmania in Australia, where he studies the culture of censorship within Indonesian arts.
Annemette Kirkegaard (Denmark)
Annemette Kirkegaard was born in Denmark in 1954. She is trained as a musicologist and works with a wide range of music forms. She did her PhD on East African popular music, and has written a number of papers and articles on for instance Zanzibari and East African music, Andalusian Easter processions, Rhythm studies, women in African music, and music & censorship. She has worked as a teacher and researcher at Copenhagen University since 1990 at both Center for African Studies and the Music Department where she is presently Head of Department.
Ariana Hernandez-Reguant (Spain > USA)
Cultural anthropologist Ariana Hernandez-Reguant is Professor of Media Studies at University of California in San Diego, Department of Communication. Author of several articles on Cuban music, cultural policy, the arts, and the Cuban cultural industries. Executive Committe Member of Freemuse.
Daniel Brown (Palestine > USA > France)
Daniel Brown was born in Palestine. He is Vice-Chair of Freemuse and has published several articles on music and censorship, notably covering the problems with hip-hop in France. He is senior staff reporter and producer of a weekly music programme called World Tracks, with Radio France International. The Paris-based journalist has been covering cross-cultural and hybrid music for over a decade. Since April 2004, Daniel Brown is also editor-in-chief of the English section of the award-winning website www.mondomix.com
Fabrice Tarrit (France)
Fabrice Tarrit was born in France in 1977. He is the secretary general (Chief Executive) of French NGO Survie – an NGO which highlights political hurdles to development. Fabrice Tarrit leads a three-year campaign against French government support to African Dictators. Many African artists (most of them rappers and reggae musicians like Tiken Jah Fakoly, Didier Awadi, Tata Pound) have participated in this campaign, helping Survie to record and release a compilation CD entitled ‘Africa wants to be free’. A second compilation album, ‘Let’s Decolonize’, is on its way.
Fadal Dey (Côte d’Ivoire)
Born in 1966 in Bouaflé, Côte d’Ivoire, Koné Ibrahima Kalilou became singer and reggae musician under the name of Fadal Dey after starting off in theater. After an earlier four track demo in 1993, he released his first album ‘Religion’ which sold more than 100,000 copies. His reputation quickly crossed the frontiers. Sales of his second album, ‘Jahsso’, reached 150,000 copies. His latest album, ‘Méditation’, was released in 2003. His concerts in West Africa attract thousands of admirers, and he is currently one of the rising stars of reggae music in both the Côte d’Ivoire and Africa.
Feza Tansuğ (Turkey)
Dr. Feza Tansug was born in 1962. He is a professor of anthropology and music at Yeditepe University in Istanbul. Educated in Izmir, graduated from Dokuz Eylul University and Izmir State Conservatory of Music, studied ethnomusicology at the University of Washington in Seattle. Author of several books and dozens of scholarly articles on traditions of Turkish and Central Asian music, and was editor of the International Journal of Music in Turkey. Carried out field research on Turkish popular music and culture and in Central Asia. Current research involves the relations between music and politics and the question of national identity in contemporary Central Asia.
Jason Carter (UK > Finland)
Guitarist, producer and composer Jason Carter was born in UK in 1969 and currently resides in Finland. His style is a mix of Flamenco, Jazz and Classical, demonstrated through the wide range of CDs that he has produced for Sony, EMI, ASV and ARC Music. Jason performs mainly as a solo guitarist, and has toured the world extensively for British Council. He has strong artistic links with the Middle East and was the co-founder of the ‘Bahrain International Guitar Festival’. He is writing a book about how music can be a bridge builder between worlds and cultures.
Jeroen de Kloet (Holland)
Jeroen de Kloet was born in 1967 in Holland. He teaches at the department of Media Studies at the University of Amsterdam. His research focuses on the globalisation of popular culture, in particular music, with a specific interest in China. He has done extensive field research in Beijing about its local music cultures, and published several articles on this. His current research also includes other genres such as film and art, as well as a comparative project on computer hackers in Shanghai and New York.
John Baily (UK)
Born in 1943 in Glastonbury, England. Professor of Ethnomusicology at Goldsmiths, University of London. Two years of ethno musicological fieldwork in Afghanistan in the 1970s, with further research in Pakistan, Iran, and California. Currently working on Afghan music in London with a grant from the AHRC Diasporas Migration & Identities programme. Published a monograph and many articles and chapters on the music of Afghanistan, several CDs, videos and DVDs, and is the author of Freemuse’s first report, on the censorship of music in Afghanistan.
Kaiser Abdurusul Uyghuroghlu (East Turkistan / Xinjiang > Sweden)
Kaiser Abdurusul Uyghuroghlu was born in East Turkistan (Xinjiang), in Kashgar-Atush city, in 1969. Today he is based in Sweden, where he is a PhD student at Stockholm University’s Oriental Department. In 1988-1993 he studied at Xinjiang Pedagogic University Art Department (bachelor degree), in 1995 he took a Master of Art at Beijing Art Academy, in 2002 Master of Art at the History & Civilisation Department of International Islam University in Malaysia. He is a researcher and performer in free arts.
Layla Al-Zubaidi (Germany > Lebanon)
Layla Al-Zubaidi was born in 1973 in Germany of Iraqi-Syrian parents. After having worked several years in Palestine, she is now programme manager at the Heinrich Böll Foundation’s Middle East Office in Beirut, Lebanon. She has studied anthropology, specialising in issues of cultural globalisation and diversity, and has published the study ‘Walking a Tightrope: News Media and Freedom of Expression in the Arab Middle East’ (2004). In 2005, she co-organized the regional conference ‘Freedom of Expression in Music’ in Beirut by Freemuse in cooperation with HBF.
Lemez Lovas (UK)
British musician, composer, DJ and journalist DJ Lemez Lovas was born in 1976. Studied at Oxford University, Gnessin Conservatory of Music, Moscow and School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. Writes for various magazines and broadcasts regularly on BBC World Service English and Russian services on politics and culture in the former Soviet Union. Has written original scores for theatre and television. Founding member and leader of the orchestra Oi Va Voi (V2 Records).
Mahsa Vahdat (Iran)
Born in Tehran in 1973, Mahsa Vahdat started her career in music by taking piano lessons of Minoo Mohebbi from an early age. She picked up Persian traditional singing with Pari Maleki and continued singing with Mehdi Fallah and Mohsen Keramati. Vahdat also plays the setar which she studied under Ramin Kakavand and later Masoud Shoari. She entered the Art University in Tehran in 1993 and graduated with a BA in Music. Participated on the CD ‘Lullabies from the Axis of Evil’ – a joint effort by different female singers – and on Pejman Taheri’s album ‘Rishe Dar Khak’.
Marjan Vahdat (Iran)
Marjan Vahdat was born in Tehran in 1976. She studied piano with Minoo Mohebbi and Persian traditional singing with Pari Maleki. Here subsequent singing instructors were Mehdi Fallah and Sima Bina. Ramin Kakavand and Masoud Shoari have been her setar teachers.
Marie Korpe (Sweden > Denmark)
Freemuse Executive Director Marie Korpe was born in Sweden and worked as a reporter to the Swedish Broadcasting Corporation for 12 years. She has lived and worked in Afghanistan, Pakistan and India and also reported from Africa and Asia. Project manager on major international cultural-political events and exhibitions in Sweden and Denmark. Organiser of the 1st World Conference on Music and Censorship in 1998. Co-editor of ‘Smashed Hits – The Book of Banned Music’. Editor of ‘Shoot the Singer! Music Censorship Today’ published 2004.
Mario Masvidal Savedra (Cuba)
Dr. Mario Masvidal Saavedra was born in Cuba in 1953. He graduated from University of Havana in 1974, and up til 1992, he worked as professor at the university. From1992 til present day, Professor of Linguistics, Communication Theory, and Semiotics, at the Higher Institute of Arts of Havana. He has lectured in the USSR, Canada, Spain, and Mexico from 1990 to 2004. Has hosted a weekly radio show for 12 years, and has hosted a musical tv show during the past four years. Has published various articles and essays on Cuban media and music during the last seven years.
Martin Cloonan (UK)
Dr. Martin Cloonan is Chairperson of Freemuse. Senior Lecturer and Head of Postgraduate Studies, Department of Music, University of Glasgow, Scotland. PhD University of Liverpool,1994. Author of ‘Banned! Censorship of Popular Music in Britain: 1967-1992’ (Arena, 1996), co-author of ‘Policing Pop’ (Temple University Press, 2003) and ‘Popular Music Censorship in Africa’ (Ashgate 2006), and of numerous articles on the politics of popular music, especially in relation to issues of censorship and freedom of expression.
Maxwell Sibanda (Zimbabwe > Germany)
Zimbabwean arts journalist Maxwell Sibanda was born in 1968. Since 2000 he has done research on music and politics in Zimbabwe. In Zimbabwe he worked as media manager at Roof Top Promotions, arts & entertainment editor at Daily News and as marketing officer at Gramma Records. He has been a guest writer for Pen Germany (2006), Internationales Haus der Zuflucht der Autoren Graz, Austria (2005), and Hamburger Stiftung, Hamburg (2004-05). Has published three books. Executive Committe Member of Freemuse.
Maya Medich (Bosnia and Herzegovina > UK)
Anthropologist Maya Medich was born in Yugoslavia (now Bosnia and Herzegovina) in 1974, and is based in UK where she studied at Kingston University, and School of Oriental and African Studies at University of London. She specialises in research on civil society and the state in post-communist countries. Partner in London-based production and distribution company of Central and Eastern European independent documentary film.
Michael Drewett (South Africa)
Michael Drewett was born in 1965. Senior Lecturer in the Department of Sociology at Rhodes University in South Africa. His doctoral thesis was on the censorship of popular music in South Africa in the 1980s. Co-editor of ‘Popular Music Censorship in Africa’ (Ashgate 2006). Has written various articles on South African popular music and produced the documentary film ‘Stopping the Music’ about an instance of South African music censorship. Member of the Freemuse Advisory Board and is on the executive of the International Association for the Study of Popular Music.
Mirwaiss Sidiqi (Afghanistan)
Mirwaiss Sidiqi was born in 1968. He is program manager of Aga Khan Music Initiative for Central Asia in Afghanistan. He has 12 years of experience working various companies in Europe and Central Asia, serving as sales manager, marketing director, branch councilors, market researcher, international commercial exhibit, and conference coordinator. He is fluent in English, French, German, Dari and Pashto.
Nabyl Guennouni (Morocco)
Nabyl Guennouni was born in Casablanca in 1979. Since 2002 he is the lead singer in the Moroccan Metal band Reborn. Manager of the Marock’n’Roll band Hoba Hoba Spirit. Member of the ‘Festival l’Boulevard’ festival committe and L’EAC-L’Boulevard Association general secretary. Has worked on a British Council ‘Connecting Future’ project management programme in Tunisia and UK. Rock Consultant on L’Kounach (Urban cultural creation magazine) and journalist for the weekly newspaper L’Etendard. Very engaged socially and politically, “Do it yourself” is his motto.
Ole Reitov (Denmark)
Journalist and Freemuse Programme Officer Ole Reitov was born in Denmark in 1949. Culture journalist with the Danish Broadcasting Corporation for more than 30 years. From 1987 to 1990 chairman of the EBU World Music Workshop. India correspondent to Swedish Broadcasting 1987-1988. From 2000 to 2003 project advisor to the Danish Center for Culture and Development. Took the initiative to the 1st World Conference on Music and Censorship in 1998 and is a founding member of Freemuse. Co-editor of ‘Smashed Hits – the Book of Banned Music’ and contributor to several publications on music censorship.
Ourrad Rabah (Algeria > Spain)
Ourrad Rabah was born in Algeria in 1977. Today he is based in Barcelona, Spain. He started making music in 1994 with his rap band MBS (the Mic Break Silence). They produced five albums, and alongside he produced three solo albums. Rabah’s rap is very engaged socially and politically and talks about street life of Algerian youth. He left Algeria for the first time in 1999 to France. Since then he has been performing all around the world “to pass the message and make his music freely, far away from control”.
Paul Erasmus (South Africa)
Paul F. Erasmus was born in 1956. Studied law, police science, political science, philosophy, fine art, and history. Worked as police officer, field intelligence operative, combatant “border war” (Namibia 1981), “Stratcom (Dep. C.O., 1991) general investigations, covert investigations, technical Services (1993). He “boarded” from South Africa Police in 1993 with Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome and a major depression. Participated in the Truth & Reconciliation Commission and was granted partial amnesty in 2002. Started own businesses in 1995, (art school) and now farms and is a company director.
Roger Lucey (South Africa)
Musician and journalist Roger John Lucey was born in South Africa in 1954. Started writing songs and singing in Durban in the 1970’s. Moved to Johannesburg in late 1970’s and recorded his first album there which was banned for possession and distribution. Second album was also restricted. During this time security police engaged in covert activity to silence him. After several years of crisis he started working for an international tv news agency. Have continued writing and producing music since then. Lucey is a main character in the film ‘Stopping the Music’.
Şanar Yurdatapan (Turkey)
Composer Şanar Yurdatapan was born in Susurluk in Turkey in 1941. He became famous as a composer and song writer during the 1970’s. In addition to his contribution to popular music, Şanar has written music for films and plays. Following the military coup in 1980, he left Turkey and lived in exile in Germany for 12 years. The Turkish Military regime stripped him from his citizenship in 1983. He returned to Turkey in December 1991 and got his citizenship back in 1992. Şanar has been the spokesperson of the ‘Initiative for Freedom of Expression’, leading a civil disobedience action since 1995.
Shakeb Isaar (Afghanistan > Sweden)
Shakeb Isaar was born in Afghanistan in 1983. He worked as a presenter and producer of some entertainment programs and a music program on Kabul’s most popular youth TV and Radio station, Tolo TV and Arman FM Radio. After receiving death threats from radical religious groups he received asylum in Sweden where he continues working as Tolo TV’s Europe entertainment correspondent.
Simon Broughton (UK)
Journalist, broadcaster and filmmaker Simon Broughton was born in 1958. He is editor of Songlines, the leading world music magazine and co-editor of the ‘Rough Guide to World Music’, the essential handbook to music around the globe. He has also made a number of television documentaries including ‘Breaking the Silence: Music in Afghanistan’ and ‘Sufi Soul: The Mystic Music of Islam’.
Thomas Burkhalter (Switzerland)
Thomas Burkhalter was born in 1973. He is an ethnomusicologist and cultural journalist from Bern in Switzerland, works in the field of cultural globalisation. He is the founder and editor-in-chief of Norient.com, an independent network for local and global soundscapes, and he wrote reportages on the music scenes in cities like Beirut, Istanbul, Cairo, Duschanbe, Belgrade, Mumbai for Swiss and international media. Member of the board of the Swiss Arts Council Pro Helvetia. Currently he is working on his PhD about musicians in Beirut, their lifestyle and global dependencies.
Turgut Tarhanli (Turkey)
Professor Turgut Tarhanli was born in Istanbul in 1956. He graduated from Istanbul University in 1979. From 1999 Professor of International Law and Human Rights Law at the Faculty of Law, Istanbul Bilgi University. Dean of the Faculty of Law and Director of the Human Rights Law Research Center at the same university. Recently, he was appointed as the member of the International Council of the Swedish NGO Foundation for Human Rights. Published six books and numerous articles on law and human rights, in particular in the Turkish national daily Radikal.
Session 7 on Turkey – “Crossing the Bridge”
SPEAKERS / WITNESSES – AND THEIR TOPICS
Ali Kocatepe (Producer)
Cencorship is not always based on clear reasons but on other excuses too. Ali Kocatepe’s concert in İstanbul Rumelian Fortress almost fell victim to such bigotry. Ali Kocatepe is a producer and president of the music performers institution MUYOBIR.
Attila Özdemiroğlu (Composer)
Turkish Radio and Television Broadcasting Institution TRT which assumed the task of “Educating the ears of the people” was a serious obstacle in the way of progress, especially for pop music. Özdemiroğlu will talk on “TRT Inspection Board” and its functioning.
Ayfer Düzdaş (Singer)
The music group Vengi Sodiri were arrested just before one of their performances in 1988. Then they were prosecuted for a programme they never did and songs they never sang. They had to get the court watch a police recording of the programme and were acquitted.
Bülent Forta (Producer)
Bülent Forta spent long years in prison during the military coup period. He is now the chairman of Music Producers Union (MÜYAP) and will talk on their struggle against “revenue stamp” practice and its inspection mechanism.
Ferhat Tunç (Singer)
On 23 June 2003, Ferhat Tunç succeeded going on to the stage in Doğu Beyazıt after a long battle against bans on his concerts. He said “Hello again!” as he went on to the stage, yet the police officers reported his words as “Hello PKK!” and Tunç spent one week in prison because of that.
Dr. Feza Tansuğ (Musicologist)
Member of Staff at Yeditepe University. Tansuğ will talk on pretexts, institutions, functioning and consequences of censorship of music during the Republican period with examples from 1923-1950.
Gülten Kaya (Producer)
A storm broke when Ahmet Kaya (whose albums sold at record numbers) stated during an awards ceremony that from then on he would sing his songs in Kurdish. Kaya was forced to move abroad and died of heart attack at young age. Ahmet Kaya’s wife, Gülten Kaya, will tell his story.
Elif Kaya (Director)
Kurdish music has had its share of assimilationist policies, yet it has achieved to survive despite the heavy repression. Mesopotamia Cultural Center (MKM) is a target and close witness of that repression. Elif Kaya is the director of the centre.
Grup Yorum (music group)
Grup Yorum is the leading band of political music in Turkey. Some members of the band are still in prison. They have had no period of time without repression, bans on songs, concerts and arrests.
Hasan Saltık (Producer)
Producing minority music is a risky business requiring courage. The label “Kalan Music” has a long record in that, and Hasan Saltık is a witness to censorship through revenue stamp.
Istanbul University Law Department – Music and Fine Arts Club
Repressive policies of Higher Education Board (known as YÖK) includes stopping the social activities of students. A Music Club in İstanbul University wants to organise a festival but even that is banned.
Melike Demirağ (Singer)
Demirağ was expelled from citizenship by the military regime of 1980 and was forced to live abroad for 12 years. All her work was banned at the time, and possessing her albums were “criminalised”.
Ali Rıza Binboğa (Soloist)
Binboğa once received the highest public vote during Eurovision Song Contest selections in Turkey, yet he was not liked by the jury at all. He is the president of the copyrights institution MESAM. He will talk on ‘Censorship Mentality and the Damages’.
Selda Bağcan (Singer)
Selda Bagcan suffered a lot during the 12 September 1980 military coup period. She was arrested, tried and was imprisoned. Cencorship on music has never let her go.
Selda Yeşiltepe (Editor of Voice of Anatolia)
The Radio and Television Higher Board (known as RTÜK) works persistently to silence broadcasting that it considers objectionable. The Radio Station ‘Voice of Anatolia’ is one of the victims which is shut down at present. One of the reasons of closing it down is that they have been broadcasting an Ahmet Kaya song.
Vedat Türkali (Writer)
Türkali spent five years with Ruhi Su in prison and is the closest witness of Su’s ordeal. Ruhi Su is a symbol of a period. Türkali will talk on Censorship and Repression during Cold War Period.
Kurash Sultan (1959-2006) (East Turkistan > Turkey > Sweden)
Kurash Sultan was born in 1959 in the capital city Urumchi of East Turkistan. In 1987, he founded a music ensemble which presented their popular show more than 1,000 times, and produced top-selling cassettes. In 1996 his art work got him into trouble with the authorities, and he had flee to Turkey where he published four albums, until he was arrested in 1998. After nine months in jail, in 1999, the United Nations helped him to come to Sweden as a political refugee. Before his untimely death four weeks ago, he worked as a music scholar at the Culture Department of Eskilstuna Municipality.