• Ukraine: Russian Eurovision contestant banned over performance in Crimea

    Ukraine’s security service has banned Russian singer Julia Samoilova from entering the country for the next three years due to her giving a performance in Crimea in 2015, thus not allowing her to compete in European song contest Eurovison taking place in capital Kiev in May 2017, reported BBC on 22 March 2017. Geneva-based Eurovision […]
  • Listen to forbidden female voices

    » To listen, go to play.spotify.com   MUSIC FREEDOM DAY 2017 SPOTIFY PLAYLIST – IN CELEBRATION AND PROTECTION OF WOMEN’S VOICES Did you know that… Women are banned from singing in public in some countries? Women cannot attend a concert in some places? The music industry is still unequal? This is why Freemuse is focusing […]
  • Russia: Artistic freedom threatened by nationalist and orthodox groups

    While Russian president Vladimir Putin vowed in a meeting with film directors and artists in early December 2016 to protect artistic freedom, he also said artists carry a responsibility not to offend religious believers, saying “there is a very narrow divide between dangerous shock value and freedom of creativity”, reported The New York Times on […]
  • Norway/Russia: Musician cuts song from concert due to Russian pressure

    The Russian Consulate General in Kirkenes, a town in north-eastern Norway near the Russian border, has interfered with a literature festival in the area by voicing its concern over a sold-out concert to be held on 17 November 2016 by Norwegian folk musician Moddi and Russian Arkhangelsk Chamber Orchestra, reported The Barents Observer on 15 […]
  • Candidates to the UN Human Rights Council are grave violators of artistic expression

    Copenhagen 27 October 2016 | Freemuse is deeply concerned about the candidacies of Russia, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, China and Cuba, for seats in the UN Human Rights Council. These countries are leading the league of countries violating freedom of artistic expression and cannot be considered qualified to protect human rights in the Human Rights Council. “The […]
  • Ukraine: Lawmakers vote against bill banning Russian artists

    Lawmakers in Ukraine’s parliament, the Verkhovna Rada, voted against a bill that would have restricted all Russian artists who wanted to tour in the country, and would only have been allowed to do so if they submitted a written condemnation of “the occupation of Ukrianian territory” to promoters, reported Billboard on 7 October 2016. The […]
  • Russia: Music video censored for having same-sex kiss

    A video by the British electronic band Years and Years for its single ‘Desire’ has been censored in Russia by blurring out a scene wherein the lead singer kisses another man, reported British magazine Digital Spy on 11 June 2016. Russia has been making headlines over its laws on homosexuality, including a law proposed in […]
  • Art Under Threat: Attacks on artistic freedom in 2015

    Freemuse Annual Statistics on Censorship and Attacks on Artistic Freedom in 2015 Artistic freedom is under extreme pressure in far too many countries. The Freemuse annual report summarises censorship and threats on artistic freedom in 2015 in over 70 countries. In total, Freemuse registered 469 cases of censorship and attacks on artists and violations of […]
  • Russia: Music portal banned

    The Russian media watchdog Roskomnadzor has banned online music portal Last.fm for offering the song ‘Kill a cop’ (‘Ubey menta’) by the Russian alternative rock band Psychea, according to the Calvert Journal. The chorus of the song reads: “Beat me, trample me, cut me to pieces — I’ve gone completely insane. The situation is getting […]
  • Russia: Musicians protest against illegal police detentions

    “Police is attacking artists, taking them to police stations, confiscating their instruments, giving them court summons, and the courts then appoint huge fines based on various articles, depending on their imagination,” wrote Oleg Mokryakov, a leader of one of the music collectives playing on Arbat street, on his Facebook page. On 28 June 2015 those […]
  • Russia: Pussy Riot appeals to European court

    According to Moscow Times on 25 May 2015, two members of the female protest group Pussy Riot have appealed to the European Court of Human Rights after Russian police failed to prosecute a group of men who attacked them with a whip and pepper spray in front of witnesses in 2014. Pussy Riot members Nadezhda […]
  • Russia: Theatre director fired for staging opera that offended church

    Russia’s Ministry of Culture has fired the director and head of Novosibirsk State Opera and Ballet Theatre for having staged a Wagner opera which offended Orthodox believers. “What some perceive as a sophisticated work of art was interpreted as offensive blasphemy by others. The production of ‘Tannhauser’ has exposed the sharp divisions within Russian society,” wrote Ivan Nechepurenko in The […]
  • Russia: Creators of ‘offensive’ Wagner opera acquitted

    Two men who went on trial in Russia on 4 March 2015 over their staging of Richard Wagner’s ‘Tannhauser’ opera, which a senior Orthodox cleric complained was offensive to religious believers, were acquitted in court on 10 March 2015. One month after criminal proceedings launched into ‘blasphemous’ Tannhauser, officials rule production did not break any […]
  • Russia: Supreme Court upholds sentence against Pussy Riot members

    Russia’s Supreme Court has refused to review the sentence of the Pussy Riot punk band members, the court’s press office told the Russian Legal Information Agency (RAPSI). The court dismissed an appeal filed by the band member Yekaterina Samutsevich seeking reversal of the verdict. Pussy Riot’s legal case timeline: • In February 2012, five young […]
  • Russia: Heavy metal group banned for lyrical content

    A Russian court has ruled that Cannibal Corpse’s lyrics could potentially harm children. The Russian Legal Information Agency (RAPSI) reported that the Oktyabrsky District Court of Ufa ruled against the heavy metal band following a filed complaint that their lyrics and album covers depict “violence, the physical and mental abuse of people and animals, murder […]
  • Russia: Court bans music and artwork of American metal band

    A Russian court ruled that translations of the American death metal band Cannibal Corpse’s lyrics and artwork should be banned because they “could damage the mental health of children” On 28 November 2014, Ufa’s Oktyabrsky district court approved prosecutors’ requests that Cannibal Corpse’s album artwork and any Russian translations of their lyrics be banned from […]
  • Russia and Ukraine: Musicians caught between conflict, bitter rhetoric and outright bans

    As the conflict in Ukraine unfolds, political borders turn into cultural borders, and artists on both sides suffer the consequences. Russians are banning Ukrainian artists from performing, and vice versa. By Masha Egupova On September 25, as Russian singer Andrei Makarevich was performing at the House of Music in Moscow, members of the unregistered nationalist […]
  • Russia: Opera premiere cancelled after its composer was attacked

    The premiere of a new opera in St. Petersburg has been cancelled after two venues refused to host it and the composer was savagely beaten and death threats were issued. The opera ‘New Jerusalem’ is composed by award-winning local composer Ilya Demutsky with librettist Artyom Suslov. The opera follows the actions of an individual who […]
  • Freemuse meets Pussy Riot: Punk is a great inspiration

    There was a good deal of humour and a talk about the meaning of punk culture when original Pussy Riot members Masha and Nadya (Maria Alyokhina and Nadezhda Tolokonnikova) met Freemuse Director Ole Reitov in front of an audience at a jam-packed Kulturhuset in Oslo, Norway, on 13 May 2014. Asked whether music has to […]
  • Russia: Pussy Riot members appeal sentence in Supreme Court

    The sentence of controversial Pussy Riot punk band members has been appealed again. The band member Yekaterina Samutsevich has filed with Russia’s Supreme Court a supervisory appeal against the verdict. In August 2012, the Khamovnichesky District Court in Moscow sentenced Samutsevich and two other Pussy Riot members – Maria Alyokhina and Nadezhda Tolokonnikova – to […]
  • Russia: Musicians speak of censorship, persecution and viciousness

    Violations of freedom of expression in Russia hit the frontpages of newspapers and websites all over the world in 2012 when two members of the Russian punk group Pussy Riot were imprisoned. Many other music groups and artists in Russia face censorship and persecution – but their cases are never heard of outside of Russia. […]
  • Russia: Pussy Riot members detained three times

    Maria Alyokhina and Nadezhda Tolokonnikova, who spent nearly two years in prison for protesting against Putin in a church, said they had been detained three times while trying to film a new music video in Sochi just before the Olympic Games were to begin. This is the first music video to be published by the […]
  • Russia: Freedom to imprisoned Pussy Riot members

    Pussy Riot members Nadezhda Tolokonnikova and Maria Alyokhina were among those prisoners released on a general amnesty on 23 December 2013. Among the criteria for amnesty were those in prison for non-violent offences and mothers of young children. “We didn’t ask for any pardon. I would have sat here until the end of my sentence […]
  • Russia: Freedom promised to the two imprisoned Pussy Riot members

    The Russian State Duma has passed an amnesty bill submitted by Russian President Vladimir Putin that seems to promise freedom for the two jailed members of the punk protest group Pussy Riot, Nadezhda Tolokonnikova and Maria Alyokhina. According to the attorney Irina Khrunova, Tolokonnikova and Alyokhina may be freed before New Year, as soon as […]
  • Russia: Pussy Riot members’ appeal accepted by Supreme Court

    Russia’s Supreme Court has accepted the appeal by two imprisoned members of the punk band Pussy Riot, Nadezhda Tolokonnikova and Maria Alyokhina, and ordered a review of prison terms for the two, saying that the lower court ignored mitigating factors. The ruling on 10 December 2013 came three months before Nadezhda Tolokonnikova and Maria Alyokhina […]
  • Russia: Pussy Riot member’s case against prison dismissed

    Investigators have dismissed again a request filed by convicted Pussy Riot member Nadezhda Tolokonnikova to initiate a case against the administration of the Mordovian colony where she served her sentence for absence of a crime in the officials’ acts, the Investigation Committee reported. On 23 September 2013, Nadezhda Tolokonnikova declared a hunger strike and requested […]
  • Russia: Pussy Riot’s Alyokhina appealing to Supreme Court

    The defense of a Pussy Riot member Maria Alyokhina, who was convicted last year of hooliganism for singing a song against President Vladimir Putin, will file a supervisory appeal against her sentence with the Supreme Court, her lawyer said. The appeal from the feminist punk rocker follows a similar application with the same court by […]
  • Russia: Pussy Riot member Nadezhda Tolokonnikova located

    News of jailed Pussy Riot member Nadezhda Tolokonnikova finally surfaced after she was incommunicado for 26 days. The husband of the Russian band member said she was being held in a prison hospital in Siberia. According to Verzilov, there is a chance that his wife might spend the remainder of her two-year sentence in the […]
  • Russia: Ombudsman confirms – Pussy Riot member transferred to new prison

    Nadezhda Tolokonnikova has been transferred to a penal colony in her native Krasnoyarsk region due to her complaints about her previous facility, Russia’s human rights ombudsman said on 12 November 2013. The new prison was chosen to ensure Nadezhda Tolokonnikova’s safety and help her “resocialize” in a more comfortable environment, ombudsman Vladimir Lukin said in […]
  • Russia: Jailed Pussy Riot member appeals to high court

    Pussy Riot punk band member Nadezhda Tolokonnikova has asked Russia’s Supreme Court to throw out her conviction and two-year prison sentence, her lawyer said on 7 November 2013. Khrunova said the appeal included an argument that the protest, which band members said was meant to criticize close ties between Putin and the Russian Orthodox Church, […]
  • Russia: Pussy Riot member punished with move to prison in Siberia

    The husband of the imprisoned Pussy Riot member Nadezhda Tolokonnikova said he had received “100 percent reliable” information that Nadezhda Tolokonnikova is being moved to a prison in the Krasnoyarsk region, four time zones and 2,000 miles from Moscow. The specific prison is not yet known, said the husband, Petya Verzilov, but early indications suggest […]
  • Russia: Pussy Riot member’s new prison location held secret

    Convicted Pussy Riot band member Nadezhda Tolokonnikova has not been heard from since she was transferred from one prison to another, her husband Petr Verzilov told international news media on 2 November 2013. Petr Verzilov said his wife was moved from a Mordovia prison to a prison in Chelyabinsk on 24 or 25 October 2013. […]
  • Russia: Imprisoned Pussy Riot member moved to another prison

    Nadezhda Tolokonnikova, one of the two imprisoned members of Pussy Riot, is reportedly to be moved from a prison camp in Mordovia republic, allegedly one of the toughest women’s prison in Russia, to another prison in Alatyr in the neighboring region of Chuvashia. In two rounds, Nadezhda Tolokonnikova has been on hunger strike for better […]
  • Russia: Pussy Riot member subject to death threats and isolation

    Nadezhda Tolokonnikova, who has beenconvicted to two years in prison over a “punk prayer” protest against Vladimir Putin in a Moscow cathedral in August 2012, has been moved into isolation after she announced to be starting a hunger strike. On 23 September 2013, a letter by the 23-year-old imprisoned Pussy-Riot member announcing her starting a […]
  • Russia: American rock band sparked Russian outrage with flag stunt

    The U.S. rock band Bloodhound Gang got kicked off a Russian music festival after having performed a stunt that was seen as the defiling of a Russian flag at a concert in Odessa, Ukraine, on 31 July 2013. Bloodhound Gang’s bass guitarist Jared Hasselhoff grabbed a Russian flag, jammed it inside his underwear and then […]
  • Freemuse speaks at Human Rights Council

    On 3 June 2013 in Geneva, Switzerland, Freemuse made its first oral statement in the Human Rights Council of the United Nations. Commenting on the newly launched UN report on artistic freedom and creativity, Freemuse Programme Manager Ole Reitov said: “The problems faced by artists are well described. Your analysis of the negative effects on […]
  • Sweden: ‘Impossible Music Sessions’ in Stockholm

    On 11 June 2013, music written by the censored artists Pussy Riot and Arya Aramnejad will be interpreted and presented in the Swedish capital Stockholm by the artists Jennie Abrahamson, Linnéa Olsson and Love Antell. The concert, entitled ‘The Impossible Music Sessions Stockholm Session #1’ is organised by SKAP, the Swedish Society of Popular Music, […]
  • Russia: Jailed Pussy Riot member in hunger strike

    Maria Alyokhina in prison. Photo: courtesy of RIA Novosti Freemuse Statement regarding Maria Alyokhina: Freemuse learns with dismay of the launching of a hunger strike by jailed Pussy Riot member Maria Alyokhina, in protest against the brutal conditions of her detention and the lack of fairly adjudicatation of her conviction. Freemuse sent an appeal to […]
  • Germany/Russia: Was Hitler listening to ‘forbidden’ music?

    NEWS ##PagePublishedLong## Germany/Russia:Was Hitler listening to ‘forbidden’ music? The newspaper International Herald Tribune reports that a record collection possibly belonging to Adolf Hitler has been found in Russia. The nearly 100 records were stored in the attic of a former Soviet intelligence agent who recently died. The agent left a note behind him, saying that […]
  • Russia: Prosecutor seeks three years sentence for members of Pussy Riot

    CAMPAIGN NEWS ##PagePublishedLong## Russia:Prosecutor seeks three years sentence for members of Pussy Riot On the seventh day of the legal proceedings in Moscow, the prosecutor called for a three year prison sentence for Pussy Riot band members, Nadezhda Tolokonnikova, Maria Alyokhina, and Yekaterina Samutsevich. The three women, detained since March 2012 for staging a music […]
  • Russia: Pussy Riot found guilty and sentenced to two years in prison

    CAMPAIGN NEWS ##PagePublishedLong## Russia:Pussy Riot found guilty and sentenced to two years in prison On 17 August 2012, the three members of the punk collective Pussy Riot received guilty verdicts and were each sentenced to two years’ imprisonment. According to the judge, they had “deeply insulted the faith of believers with their disrespectful criminal act […]
  • After Pussy Riot, artists must stand for each other, everywhere

    FREEMUSE COMMENTARY ##PagePublishedLong## AFTER PUSSY RIOT:Artists must stand for each other, everywhere It’s impossible to know yet whether the wave of international support received by the Russian punk collective Pussy Riot during their just completed trial impacted the verdict in any way. But it’s clear that the plight of the three young women who now […]
  • Russia: Pussy Riot on everyone’s lips

    NEWS ##PagePublishedLong## Russia:Pussy Riot on everyone’s lipsPussy Riot’s court case in Moscow suddenly placed musical freedom of expression high on the agenda of the Western media during July and August 2012. According to Google News, Pussy Riot was mentioned in no less than two million different news articles on the net, and receives a staggering […]
  • Russia: Pussy Riot member freed, two others to remain in prison

    CAMPAIGN NEWS ##PagePublishedLong## Russia: Pussy Riot member freed, two others to remain in prison On 10 October 2012, a Moscow appeals court freed one of the jailed Pussy Riot members, 30-year-old Ekaterina Samutsevitsj, but upheld the two-year prison sentence for the two others who are to serve remainder of their sentences in penal colony. All […]
  • Russia: Interview with released Pussy Riot member

    ARTICLES ##PagePublishedLong## Russia:First interview with released Pussy Riot member Index on Censorship had the exclusive opportunity to interview Pussy Riot member Ekatrina Samutsevich who was freed by a Moscow court on 10 October 2012. The interview took place during the same week as Samutsevich’s friends and fellow band mates Maria Alekhina and Nadezhda Tolokonnikova were […]
  • Cameroon/Russia: The artist vs. the state

    NEWS ##PagePublishedLong## Video recordings from ‘All that is Banned is Desired’:The artist vs. the state In the session ‘THE ARTIST VS. THE STATE: THE CASE OF LAPIRO DE MBANGA AND THE CAMPAIGN FOR PUSSY RIOT’, Maran Turner and Alexander Cheparukhin give insight into two cases where artists have been speaking out and as a result […]
  • EU: Freedom of speech debated on Creators Conference

    NEWS ##PagePublishedLong## EU: Freedom of speech debated on Creators Conference A conference on freedom of speech, technology and authors’ rights, organised under the High Patronage of the European Parliament, will take place on 20 February 2013 at the Theatre du Vaudeville in Brussels, Belgium. It is entitled ‘Creators Conference 2013’. The opening plenary session of […]
  • Russia: Detention of Pussy Riot members extended again

    NEWS ##PagePublishedLong## Russia:Detention of Pussy Riot members extended again On 20 June 2012, a Tagansky district court ruled to keep the three detained band members of Pussy Riot in prison until 24 July 2012 while the police probe continues. Since February 2012, three band members of the all-female punk rock band from Moscow have been […]
  • Russia: Freemuse calls for free and fair trial for Pussy Riot

    CAMPAIGN NEWS ##PagePublishedLong## Russia: Freemuse calls for free and fair trial for Pussy Riot Freemuse sends appeals to President Vladimir Putin, Kirill I of the Russian Orthodox Church, the public and district prosecutor and the district court, calling for a fair and free trial for the three band members of Pussy Riot. At a closed […]
  • Russia: Punk band arrested after protesting against Putin

    NEWS ##PagePublishedLong## Russia:Punk band arrested after protesting against Putin Shortly before the presidential elections in Russia, authorities put an end to punk band Pussy Riot’s anti-Putin protest concerts, held illegally in public places, by arresting six members of the band, reported the newspaper The Moscow Times. You do not really need to be able to […]
  • Russia: Detention of Pussy Riot members extended to three months

    NEWS ##PagePublishedLong## Russia:Detention of Pussy Riot members extended to three months Following the punk group Pussy Riot’s protest song in Moscow’s Christ the Saviour Cathedral on 21 February 2012, Russian authorities arrested three women who are held in detention until their case comes before court on 24 June. Maria Alyokhina and Nadezhda Tolokonnikova were arrested on […]
  • Russia: Rock critic faces prison

    NEWS ##PagePublishedLong## Russia: Rock critic faces prison The Russian rock critic and cultural commentator Art Troitsky (Artemy Troitsky) is in court facing four lawsuits, including a two-year prison sentence for “criminal slander”, for being too outspoken for modern Kremlin sensibilities. “Having four lawsuits against me and being forced to go to court twice every week […]
  • Russia: Minister to censor online music of the youth

    NEWS ##PagePublishedLong## Russia: Minister to censor online music of the youth Russia’s Interior Minister Rashid Nurgaliyev wants to stop young people from listening to music which, according to the minister, undermines traditional values and leads to cultural decay. “They have forgotten the love of old songs, the waltzes , everything that united us, our background […]
  • Russia: Concert banned but protest singer continue unplugged

    NEWS ##PagePublishedLong## Russia:Concert banned but protest singer continue unplugged On 22 August 2010 Yuri Shevchuk, a popular rock singer and political critic, defied the Russian authorities’ sudden ban on a staged protest concert and performed without amplification. A protest rally accompanied by a concert led by environmental activists fighting to save the pristine Khimki forest north of Moscow […]
  • Russia: City bans heavy metal music in caf

    NEWS ##PagePublishedLong## Russia:City bans heavy metal music in cafés, clubs and restaurants Authorities in the West-Russian city of Belgorod has banned performances of heavy metal music in a bid to “save the city’s youth”. Governor Evgenie Savchenko in Belgorod, situated 500 kilometres south of Moscow, wants to “promote the suppression of satanic activity,” and to […]
  • Russia: Rapper jailed for 10 days for offending police

    NEWS ##PagePublishedLong## Russia:Rapper jailed for 10 days for offending police The popular Russian rapper Ivan Alekseev, also known as Noize MC, has been sentenced to 10 days ‘administrative imprisonment’ for offending the police at a concert held in Volgograd on 31 July 2010. According to the Russian online forum artinvestment.ru, Volgograd Magistrate Court on 2 […]
  • Russia: Punk fans and bands claim to be persecuted and silenced

    NEWS ##PagePublishedLong## Russia:Punk fans and bands claim to be persecuted and silenced Is the Russian punk band PTVP censored from radio and tv because of their anti-government stance, or simply because they play aggressive punk music? The debate is rolling in the media in August 2009 In July 2009, a number of punk music fans […]
  • Russia: ‘Government fights outspoken musicians, says rock singer

    Russia:‘Government fights outspoken musicians’, says rock singer Music censorship exists in full glory in Russia, lead singer of the Russian rock group Televizor, Mikhail Borzykin, told SPINearth.tv ‘The Russian government fights outspoken musicians through censorship,’ said the rock singer. However, “today’s censorship does not happen directly. Instead of making a list to include certain songs […]
  • Georgia: Song ‘too political’ for Eurovision Song contest

    NEWS ##PagePublishedLong## Georgia:Song deemed ‘too political’ for the Eurovision Song Contest Georgia has pulled out of the Eurovision Song Contest after organisers banned song that ‘mocks’ the Russian prime minister Vladimir Putin. Georgia has pulled out of the Eurovision Song Contest after the organisers, the European Bradcasting Union, EBU, banned it from entering with the […]
  • Russia: Request for parole from Pussy Riot member rejected in court

    A court in the Russian region of Mordovia has denied a request for parole from 23-year-old Nadezhda Tolokonnikova, mother of a five-year-old and one of two jailed members of the feminist punk collective Pussy Riot, reported Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty with quotes from Interfax, AFP, and Russia Today Judge Lidiya Yakovleva said in […]
  • Russia: Government plan to ban emo and goth music

    NEWS ##PagePublishedLong## Russia:Government plan to ban emo and goth music Russian lawmakers propose to ban teenage subculture rock music styles such as emo and goth from the country’s schools. Emo music fans in the Siberian city of Krasnoyarsk protested against the ban on 19 July 2008. Emo has come to Russia – and its leaders want no […]
  • Chechnya: Music of defiance published on CD

    NEWS ##PagePublishedLong## Chechnya: Music of defiance published on CD Some performers of the compilation album ‘Songs of Defiance’ have gone into protective self-exile. Even outside the borders of Chechnya, recording them is officially discouraged, as Michael Church, arrested for doing so, can testify         The first-ever CD of North Caucasus music, entitled ‘Songs of Defiance – […]
  • Chechnya: Recording songs of defiance and survival

    ARTICLES ##PagePublishedLong## Chechnya: Recording songs of defiance and survival The compilation album ‘Songs of Defiance – Music of Chechnya and the North Caucasus’ was recorded and compiled by music critic Michael Church. In this article which he wrote for BBC Music Magazine in May 2007, he tells the details of how he was arrested while recording […]
  • Russia: Radical Christians want pop concert banned

    NEWS ##PagePublishedLong## Russia:Radical Christians want pop concert banned Controversy and outrage follows American pop singer Madonna to her world-wide ‘Confessions Tour’ where she is “crucified” on a cross on stage. The act has sparked anger from various religious groups. In Moscow, she received death threats. Catholics expressed outrage at Madonna’s decision to be displayed hanging […]
  • Russia: Young punk musician killed

    NEWS ##PagePublishedLong## Russia: Young punk musician killed Timur Kacharava, a Russian musician and founder of the punk-hardcore-trash band Sandinista, has been stabbed to death in the streets of St. Petersburg. In the evening of 13 November, 2005, 20-year-old Timur Kacharava, a student of St. Petersburg State University, was followed, attacked and killed on the main […]
  • Russian politicians: no McCartney in Red Square

    NEWS ##PagePublishedLong## Russian politicians: no McCartney in Red SquareA large group of Russian MPs is trying to ban a concert by Paul McCartney in Red Square, describing it as “absolutely senseless and blasphemous”. From The Guardian Related reading
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